The Great Pyramid and 2787 BC
In truth, I did use some of that material for a fictional story, but I’ve created a graphic novel rather than a text novel (which is, ahem, far more high-brow). The graphic novel is called ‘The Great Secret’. It’s an adventure story in which a young man in the 1920's stumbles on a mystery involving Giza, Tutankhamun and strange, secret societies. In between the chases and surprises, I’ve made a big effort to explain some of the theories and ideas that I’ve developed through my research. What is possibly the most important theory concerns the Great Pyramid and is the subject of this article. Off we go…
Let us surmise that the Ancient Egyptian architects did actually plan to do send someone's spirit to another star on a ray of light. Whether this is possible is in a sense irrelevant to this article for they believed it was possible, enough to build a massive and precisely constructed device. We can also leave the question of how the Ancient Egyptians made the light inside the pyramid to another discussion as it can be treated as a separate and independent topic. Let us proceed with the understanding that the Ancient Egyptians built an incredibly large and precisely constructed building with the purpose of firing a ray of light at another star. From this point on, I will not be talking about Egyptians, gods, myths or anything of that ilk, I will only be talking about astronomy and modern science.
Was the Great Pyramid built to do this? Well, the Giza Pyramids sit at almost exactly 30 degrees latitude in the Northern Hemisphere. The Great Pyramid therefore can only see the Northern Celestial Pole from its position on Earth. If the Egyptians wanted to target the North Celestial pole, they would have had to angle a light passage at 30 degrees to the ground and precisely north in their pyramid. By strange coincidence, that is the angle and direction of the northern KIng’s Shaft of the Great Pyramid, leading out of the King’s Chamber.
Nowadays, there is no star sitting directly on our North Celestial Pole. Polaris is close, but not that close. Fortunately, the position of the stars in our sky change over centuries due to precession. Precession is caused by the slow change of Earth’s orientation, like a spinning top that slowly moves in a titled circle. Our precessional cycle lasts around 25,000 years and during that long cyclic period, as our planet’s axis points to different locations in a celestial circle, certain significant stars do pass extremely close to our North Celestial Pole.
Was the pyramid built for this date? Rather than rely on Victorian archaeological theories, we can refer to carbon-dating evidence. The Egyptologists Mark Lehner and Robert Wenke carried out carbon-dating work at Giza in 1984. They analysed thirteen samples of mortar from the Great Pyramid and produced dates in the range 3101 BC to 2853 BC and an average date of 2977 BC. They took seven samples of mortar from the Second Pyramid which produced an average date of 2988 BC.
It would therefore seem, according to that scientific data, that work on the Giza Pyramids began in 3100 BC. The construction ran for 250 years and was completed in 2850 BC, roughly sixty years before the moment when Thuban sat on the North Celestial Pole.
There are logical consequences that arise from this evidence, consequences about our past and life in the universe which are fascinating to explore. Many of them will be covered in my graphic novel, along with other evidence I’ve unearthed.
Minor notes: Some readers may point out that the academic literature states that the northern passage of the Great Pyramid is slightly lower than 30 degrees. In response to that comment, I would recommend they study Gantenbrink's detailed surveying of the passages and the slight uplift recorded at the end of the passage as it exits the pyramid.
Adrian Ellis, Summer 2015